Lanzado pfSense 2.0

Revisando el portal del Grupo de USuarios de Tecnologías Libres de mi querida tierra me eucnetro con este artículo sobre el recien lanzamiento de esta exelente  distribución! aquí se los dejo

Después de tres años de adiciones en funcionalidad y otras mejoras, acaba de lanzarse la versión 2.0 final de pfSense, una distribución basada en FreeBSD (y bifurcada del proyecto m0n0wall), concebida específicamente como cortafuegos.

Para quienes desconocen esta distribución, algunas de sus ventajas son, entre otras:

  • gran funcionalidad (redundancia, balanceo de carga, gestión del ancho de banda, etc.)
  • bajo consumo de recursos (el instalador ocupa entre unos 98 y 153 MB, e incluso tiene variantes para ejecutarlo desde una memoria flash)
  • gestión cómoda (incluye una interfaz de administración via https)

Para los que no tienen acceso a internet (esperamos poder poner pronto el ISO en nuestra zona de descargas), cito el historial de cambios, exactamente como aparece en el blog oficial del proyecto:

Operating System

  • Based on FreeBSD 8.1 release.
  • i386 and amd64 variants for all install types (full install, nanobsd/embedded, etc.)
  • USB memstick installer images available

Interfaces

  • GRE tunnels
  • GIF tunnels
  • 3G support
  • Dial up modem support
  • Multi-Link PPP (MLPPP) for bonding PPP connections (ISP/upstream must also support MLPPP)
  • LAGG Interfaces
  • Interface groups
  • IP Alias type Virtual IPs
  • IP Alias VIPs can be stacked on CARP VIPs to go beyond the 255 VHID limit in deployments that need very large numbers of CARP VIPs.
  • QinQ VLANs
  • Can use Block Private Networks / Block Bogon Networks on any interface
  • All interfaces are optional except WAN
  • All interfaces can be renamed, even LAN/WAN
  • Bridging enhancements – can now control all options of if_bridge, and assign bridge interfaces

Gateways/Multi-WAN

  • Gateways, including dynamic gateways, are specified under System > Routing
  • Gateways can have custom monitor IPs
  • Gateways can have a custom weight, allowing load balancing to have ratios between WANs of different speeds
  • Gateways can have custom latency, loss, and downtime trigger levels.
  • Gateway monitoring via icmp is now configurable.
  • You can have multiple gateways per interface
  • Multi-WAN is now handled via gateway groups
  • Gateway groups can include multiple tiers with any number of gateways on each, for complex failover and load balancing scenarios.

General Web GUI

  • Set to HTTPS by default, HTTP redirects to HTTPS port
  • Dashboard and widgets added
  • System > Advanced screen split into multiple tabs, more options available.
  • SMTP email alerts and growl alerts
  • New default theme – pfsense_ng
  • Some community-contributed themes added
  • Contextual help available on every page in the web interface, linking to a webpage containing help and documentation specific to that page.
  • Help menu for quick access to online resources (forum, wiki, paid support, etc.)

Aliases

  • Aliases may be nested (aliases in aliases)
  • Alias autocomplete is no longer case sensitive
  • IP Ranges in Aliases
  • More Alias entries supported
  • Bulk Alias importing
  • URL Aliases
  • URL Table Aliases – uses a pf persist table for large (40,000+) entry lists

Firewall

  • Traffic shaper rewritten – now handles any combination of multi-WAN and multi-LAN interfaces. New wizards added.
  • Layer7 protocol filtering
  • EasyRule – add firewall rules from log view (and from console!)
  • Floating rules allow adding non-interface specific rules
  • Dynamically sized state table based on amount of RAM in the system
  • More Advanced firewall rule options
  • FTP helper now in kernel
  • TFTP proxy
  • Schedule rules are handled in pf, so they can use all the rule options.
  • State summary view, report shows states grouped by originating IP, destination IP, etc.

NAT

  • All of the NAT screens were updated with additional functionality
  • Port forwards can now handle create/update associated firewall rules automatically, instead of just creating unrelated entries.
  • Port forwards can optionally use “rdr pass” so no firewall rule is needed.
  • Port forwards can be disabled
  • Port forwards can be negated (“no rdr”)
  • Port forwards can have source and destination filters
  • NAT reflection improvements, including NAT reflection for 1:1 NAT
  • Per-entry NAT reflection overrides
  • 1:1 NAT rules can specify a source and destination address
  • 1:1 NAT page redesigned
  • Outbound NAT can now translate to an address pool (Subnet of IPs or an alias of IPs) of multiple external addresses
  • Outbound NAT rules can be specified by protocol
  • Outbound NAT rules can use aliases
  • Improved generation of outbound NAT rules when switching from automatic to manual.

IPsec

  • Multiple IPsec p2’s per p1 (multiple subnets)
  • IPsec xauth support
  • IPsec transport mode added
  • IPsec NAT-T
  • Option to push settings such as IP, DNS, etc, to mobile IPsec clients (mod_cfg)
  • Mobile IPsec works with iOS and Android (Certain versions, see Mobile IPsec on 2.0)
  • More Phase 1/2 options can be configured, including the cipher type/strength
  • ipsec-tools version 0.8

User Manager

  • New user manager, centralizing the various user configuration screens previously available.
  • Per-page user access permissions for administrative users
  • Three built-in authentication types – local users, LDAP and RADIUS.
  • Authentication diagnostics page

Certificate Manager

  • Certificate manager added, for handling of IPsec, web interface, user, and OpenVPN certificates.
  • Handles creation/import of Certificate Authorities, Certificates, Certificate Revocation lists.
  • Eliminates the need for using command line tools such as EasyRSA for managing certificates.

OpenVPN

  • OpenVPN wizard guides through making a CA/Cert and OpenVPN server, sets up firewall rules, and so on. Greatly simplifies the process of creating a remote access OpenVPN server.
  • OpenVPN filtering – an OpenVPN rules tab is available, so OpenVPN interfaces don’t have to be assigned to perform filtering.
  • OpenVPN client export package – provides a bundled Windows installer with certificates, Viscosity export, and export of a zip file containing the user’s certificate and configuration files.
  • OpenVPN status page with connected client list — can also kill client connections
  • User authentication and certificate management
  • RADIUS and LDAP authentication support

Captive Portal

  • Voucher support added
  • Multi-interface capable
  • Pass-through MAC bandwidth restrictions
  • Custom logout page contents can be uploaded
  • Allowed IP addresses bandwidth restrictions
  • Allowed IP addresses supports IP subnets
  • “Both” direction added to Allowed IP addresses
  • Pass-through MAC Auto Entry – upon successful authentication, a pass-through MAC entry can be automatically added.
  • Ability to configure calling station RADIUS attributes

Wireless

  • Virtual AP (VAP) support added
  • more wireless cards supported with the FreeBSD 8.1 base

Server Load Balancing

  • relayd and its more advanced capabilities replace slbd.

Other

  • L2TP VPN added
  • DNS lookup page added
  • PFTop and Top in GUI – realtime updates
  • Config History now includes a diff feature
  • Config History has download buttons for prior versions
  • Config History has mouseover descriptions
  • CLI filter log parser (/usr/local/bin/filterparser)
  • Switched to PHP 5.2.x
  • IGMP proxy added
  • Multiple Dynamic DNS account support, including full multi-WAN support and multi-accounts on each interface.
    • DynDNS Account Types supported are:
      • DNS-O-Matic
      • DynDNS (dynamic)
      • DynDNS (static)
      • DynDNS (custom)
      • DHS
      • DyNS
      • easyDNS
      • No-IP
      • ODS.org
      • ZoneEdit
      • Loopia
      • freeDNS
      • DNSexit
      • OpenDNS
      • Namecheap.com
  • More interface types (VPNs, etc) available for packet capture
  • DNS Forwarder is used by the firewall itself for DNS resolution (configurable) so the firewall benefits from faster resolution via multiple concurrent queries, sees all DNS overrides/DHCP registrations, etc.
  • DHCP Server can now handle arbitrary numbered options, rather than only options present in the GUI.
  • Automatic update now also works for NanoBSD as well as full installs
  • More configuration sections can be synchronized via XMLRPC between CARP nodes.

Fuente: Grupo de USuarios de Tecnologías Libres de Cuba

Enlace: blog oficial de pfSense

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  1. streaming de rádio
    Mar 7th, 2015 at 13:18
    #1
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